Panel 3: Counterterrorism and the Challenge of
Characterizing Post-9/11 Adversaries

Today’s counterterrorism strategy surfaced as a reaction to violent extremists that use ideology to bind and channel the violence of local armed groups toward transnational objectives. Looking ahead, the proliferation and increased accessibility of disruptive technologies may further level the playing field between state and non-state actors and produce opportunities for the next wave of terrorists. Panelists will examine how the face of terrorism will evolve within the next decades, and if the intelligence community is prepared for what comes next.

Kim Dozier (moderator) Kimberly Dozier is a CNN Global Affairs Analyst and Senior National Security Correspondent for The Daily Beast. She spent four years as AP's intelligence writer with trips to Afghanistan and Pakistan and 17 years as an award-winning CBS News correspondent, covering the Middle East, Europe, the White House, and the Pentagon. She held the 2014-2015 Gen. Omar Bradley Chair at the United States Army War College. She authored Breathing the Fire, a book about recovering from a car bomb that killed her CBS News team and the Army captain they were filming in Iraq in 2006. Ms. Dozier’s profits from the paperback and e-book go to military-related charities. Born in Hawaii, Dozier graduated from Wellesley College and earned an M.A. in foreign affairs at the University of Virginia. She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Dozier is a recipient of the Peabody Award, several Edward R. Murrow Awards, and was the first woman journalist recognized by the National Medal of Honor Society for her coverage of Iraq.

Kim Dozier (moderator)

Kimberly Dozier is a CNN Global Affairs Analyst and Senior National Security Correspondent for The Daily Beast. She spent four years as AP's intelligence writer with trips to Afghanistan and Pakistan and 17 years as an award-winning CBS News correspondent, covering the Middle East, Europe, the White House, and the Pentagon. She held the 2014-2015 Gen. Omar Bradley Chair at the United States Army War College. She authored Breathing the Fire, a book about recovering from a car bomb that killed her CBS News team and the Army captain they were filming in Iraq in 2006. Ms. Dozier’s profits from the paperback and e-book go to military-related charities. Born in Hawaii, Dozier graduated from Wellesley College and earned an M.A. in foreign affairs at the University of Virginia. She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Dozier is a recipient of the Peabody Award, several Edward R. Murrow Awards, and was the first woman journalist recognized by the National Medal of Honor Society for her coverage of Iraq.

Bruce Hoffman Bruce Hoffman has been studying terrorism and insurgency for over four decades. He is a tenured professor in Georgetown University’s Walsh School of Foreign Service where he directs the Security Studies Program. Hoffman is also a visiting Professor of Terrorism Studies at St. Andrews University, Scotland. He previously held the Corporate Chair in Counterterrorism and Counterinsurgency at the RAND Corporation. Hoffman was appointed by the U.S. Congress as a commissioner on the 9/11 Review Commission and has been Scholar-in-Residence for Counterterrorism at the Central Intelligence Agency; adviser on counterterrorism, Coalition Provisional Authority, Baghdad, Iraq; and, adviser on counterinsurgency, Multi-National Forces-Iraq Headquarters, Baghdad, Iraq. Hoffman’s books include The Evolution of the Global Terrorist Threat (2014); Anonymous Soldiers (2015); and Inside Terrorism (3rd edition, 2017).

Bruce Hoffman

Bruce Hoffman has been studying terrorism and insurgency for over four decades. He is a tenured professor in Georgetown University’s Walsh School of Foreign Service where he directs the Security Studies Program. Hoffman is also a visiting Professor of Terrorism Studies at St. Andrews University, Scotland. He previously held the Corporate Chair in Counterterrorism and Counterinsurgency at the RAND Corporation. Hoffman was appointed by the U.S. Congress as a commissioner on the 9/11 Review Commission and has been Scholar-in-Residence for Counterterrorism at the Central Intelligence Agency; adviser on counterterrorism, Coalition Provisional Authority, Baghdad, Iraq; and, adviser on counterinsurgency, Multi-National Forces-Iraq Headquarters, Baghdad, Iraq. Hoffman’s books include The Evolution of the Global Terrorist Threat (2014); Anonymous Soldiers (2015); and Inside Terrorism (3rd edition, 2017).

John Mulligan John J. Mulligan joined NCTC in March 2015. He is the first Deputy Director to come from the National Security Agency (NSA) where he most recently served as Associate Deputy Director, Counterterrorism. Mr. Mulligan was responsible for NSA's overall counterterrorism program from August 2011 through February 2015. His role included integrating NSA capabilities with other U.S. government agencies to detect and disrupt terrorist threats around the world. Mr. Mulligan joined the NSA in 1983 as an intelligence research intern. He has served in a variety of roles, including field postings and positions at military commands. His NSA Headquarters assignments include service as a senior group coordinator in National Security Operations Center and management positions within NSA Analysis and Production. From 2005 to 2007, Mr. Mulligan completed two separate tours in the Middle East. Mr. Mulligan has been awarded both the Meritorious Civilian Service Award and the Exceptional Civilian Service Award from the U.S. Central Command for his work in Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. A native Chicagoan, Mr. Mulligan received a B.A. in English from the University of Notre Dame and an M.B.A. from the University of Florida.

John Mulligan

John J. Mulligan joined NCTC in March 2015. He is the first Deputy Director to come from the National Security Agency (NSA) where he most recently served as Associate Deputy Director, Counterterrorism.

Mr. Mulligan was responsible for NSA's overall counterterrorism program from August 2011 through February 2015. His role included integrating NSA capabilities with other U.S. government agencies to detect and disrupt terrorist threats around the world.

Mr. Mulligan joined the NSA in 1983 as an intelligence research intern. He has served in a variety of roles, including field postings and positions at military commands. His NSA Headquarters assignments include service as a senior group coordinator in National Security Operations Center and management positions within NSA Analysis and Production. From 2005 to 2007, Mr. Mulligan completed two separate tours in the Middle East.

Mr. Mulligan has been awarded both the Meritorious Civilian Service Award and the Exceptional Civilian Service Award from the U.S. Central Command for his work in Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. A native Chicagoan, Mr. Mulligan received a B.A. in English from the University of Notre Dame and an M.B.A. from the University of Florida.

 
Maj Gen Linda “UV” Urrutia-Varhall Maj Gen Linda R. Urrutia-Varhall is the Director of Operations at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency in Springfield, Virginia. General Urrutia-Varhall was commissioned in 1984 as a graduate of the U.S. Air Force Academy. Following her initial assignment at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska, she was selected to participate in the Professional Military Graduate Intelligence Program in Washington, D.C. After completion, she was the first Air Force representative to the National Military Intelligence Center. Her service at the Pentagon included executive support duty to three Secretaries of Defense and as an international politico-military affairs officer on the Somalia Task force. General Urrutia-Varhall has held command and staff positions in the wing, major command, headquarters, and joint environments. In 1998, she was named to command the first Air Force Information Warfare Flight at 9th Air Force/Central Air Forces, Shaw AFB, South Carolina. She also deployed to Southwest Asia where she served as Chief, Analysis Division, and an operations officer for the Joint Intelligence Center at U.S. Central Command Headquarters Forward. She also served as the Senior Military Assistant to the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Senior Executive to the Director of National Intelligence. Prior to her current position, she served as Director of Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (J2) at U.S. Southern Command in Florida and then as Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff, Intelligence Surveillance, and Reconnaissance on the Air Staff at the Pentagon, Washington, D.C.

Maj Gen Linda “UV” Urrutia-Varhall

Maj Gen Linda R. Urrutia-Varhall is the Director of Operations at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency in Springfield, Virginia.

General Urrutia-Varhall was commissioned in 1984 as a graduate of the U.S. Air Force Academy. Following her initial assignment at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska, she was selected to participate in the Professional Military Graduate Intelligence Program in Washington, D.C. After completion, she was the first Air Force representative to the National Military Intelligence Center. Her service at the Pentagon included executive support duty to three Secretaries of Defense and as an international politico-military affairs officer on the Somalia Task force.

General Urrutia-Varhall has held command and staff positions in the wing, major command, headquarters, and joint environments. In 1998, she was named to command the first Air Force Information Warfare Flight at 9th Air Force/Central Air Forces, Shaw AFB, South Carolina. She also deployed to Southwest Asia where she served as Chief, Analysis Division, and an operations officer for the Joint Intelligence Center at U.S. Central Command Headquarters Forward. She also served as the Senior Military Assistant to the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Senior Executive to the Director of National Intelligence. Prior to her current position, she served as Director of Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (J2) at U.S. Southern Command in Florida and then as Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff, Intelligence Surveillance, and Reconnaissance on the Air Staff at the Pentagon, Washington, D.C.

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